Diabetes Mellitus is a common non communicable disease characterized by high blood sugar (Glucose) levels. This is resulted from defects of insulin production from pancreas, or its action, or both. This disease is commonly referred to as “Diabetes”.
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime. If left untreated, it can lead to many disabling and life threatening complications such as heart disease, kidney failure, blindness and nerve damage.
There are several types of Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
The commonest type of Diabetes worldwide. It is a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. This form was previously referred to as "non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". Excessive body weight, lack of exercise and familial tendency predispose to this type.
Type 1 Diabetes
This results from the failure of pancreas to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown.
This is the third main form and it occurs in pregnancy.
This refers to blood sugar levels higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose Diabetes. Some long term complications of Diabetes such as heart disease may begin during this stage
- A diabetes pandemic is underway and the Asia is at its epicenter.
- As of 2014, an estimated 387 million people (8.3% of the adults) have diabetes worldwide, while more than 10% Sri Lankan adults have got the disease. The number of people with diabetes is expected to rise to 592 million by 2035.
- Every 20 seconds, one person lose his/her leg somewhere in the world due to Diabetes.
- Diabetes at least doubles a person's risk of death.
- It is a costly disease, not only for you and your family, but also it takes an ever-increasing proportion of national health budget.